Difference between revisions of "Course:SOCI1110/Auguste Comte"
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== Major works ==
== Major works ==
Revision as of 00:20, 24 October 2016
Isidore Auguste Marie FranÇois Xavier Comte, better known as 'Auguste Comte' was born on January 19th 1798 during the late French Revolution and early Industrial Revolution, in the city of Montpellier, France.
In his beliefs he would reject religion and royalism. He would grow up to be a French philosopher and later on be the founder of sociology and positivism. Comte died on September 7th 1857 in the city of Paris, France.
Comte was born in the family of Roman Catholic devotees. His father Louis Comte, a government tax official and mother Rosalie Bayer were strong royalist.
During his early life he attended the University of Montpellier where he rejected these ideas in favor of the French Revolution. Being skilled in the field of mathematics and science, Auguste left school and moved to Paris, where he taught Mathematics and journalism while studying economics, history, and philosophy being specially interested in people who started to trace some kind of order in the history of human society. People like Montesquieu, A.R.J Turgot, and Joseph de Maistre strongly influenced him later on.
At the age of 19 Comte met Henri de Saint-Simon, a social theorist who believed in economic organization in modern society and later on founder of European socialism. Being strongly inspired by him, Comte became his collaborator, but later on this partnership was broken by an authorship argument. Comte continued to be influenced by Simon throughout his life.
With the experience of working with Simon, in 1924 Comte began to share his system of positive philosophy with private audiences. Soon after this, Auguste had a mental breakdown. A year after Comte almost recovered fully and retook his lecture project, being so successful that he gave a lecture at the royal athenaeum. Comte used the next 12 years writing six books about his philosophy entitled as Cours de philosophie positive.
He argued in his books that, like the physical world, society operated under its own set of laws. In the next years he became a tutor at an engineer school called Ecole Polytechnique, but later on due to arguments with the directors, Comte was fired in 1842. The same year August divorced his wife, Caroline Massin (1825-1842) due to financial problems. In the year 1844 Comte got emotionally involved with Clotilde de Vaux, who died of tuberculosis a year after.
Comte was influenced by Clotilde´s death and spend several years writing his next big book called “System of positive policy”, where he attempted to promote his new world order where history, economics and psychology unifies. His books became popular around Europe, and several people including English intellectuals like Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, and George Eliot were influenced by Comte's writings.
His work emphasized on moral progress in society. Later on Comte died of stomach Cancer on September 5, 1857. He was buried in Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. The apartment he lived from 1841 to 1857, has been preserved as the Maison d’Auguste Comte, a private Museum.
Comte starting delivering lectures as a part of Positive Philosophy in April 1826. During his lectures well- known scientists Fourier and Poinsot were included in his audience. Later, Comte has to interrupt his course due to his poor health conditions and resumed it in 1829.
Comte, also published six volumes of “ Course of Positive Philosophy”, from 1830 to 1842.
From 1832, he also taught and mechanics at Ecole Polytechnique but later in 1942 he lost his job due to clash with administration. His book on mathematics “Elementary Treatise on Analytic Geometry”, appeared in the following year.
Comte finished working on “Philosophical Treatise on Popular Astronomy” and “Discourse on the Positive Spirit” in 1844, but at the same time he was busy writing the “System of Positive Polity”.
Comte also opened the Positive Society by getting inspired from the Club of Jacobians. At the same time, his book “General View of Positivism” also appeared.
For three consecutive years since 1851 to 1854, Comte was occupied with his work on four volumes of “System of Positive Polity.” in between the same time phase (1852), Comte remained busy with “Catechism of Positive Religion.”
Comte after publishing “Appeal to Conservatives in 1855, he published his first volume on Philosophy of Mathematics, titled “Subjective Synthesis” or “ Universal System of the Conceptions Adapted to the Normal State of Humanity.”
Auguste Comte published six volumes of “Course in Positive Philosophy” between 1830 and 1842. In his series of publications, Comte presented view of Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics. Comte also showed the historical and the theoretical link between them for better understanding.
He also published four volumes of “System of Positive Policy- A treatise of Sociology, Instituting the Religion of Humanity”, from 1851 to 1854. In his work he viewed over the uniqueness of democracy.