Course:Law3020/2014WT1/Group R/Feminist Jurisprudence
Introduction to Feminist Jurisprudence
The feminist approach to jurisprudence is both modern and multi-dimensional. The diversity within the theory itself stems from being centred around the "lived experiences of women". No two people are alike, and thus a theory which champions the different perspectives and experiences of all women is inherently complex with many different approaches and ideas.
Despite the differences that exist there are underlying concepts which are core to the theory of feminist jurisprudence.  Two of these fundamental core concepts are; the world as we know it is structured by patriarchy. and patriarchy is bad for women, it is morally unjustified, and should be eliminated
Many of the differences amongst feminist theorists stems from the second concept, and disagreements over how to change the existing status quo of a society structured by patriarch.
Evolution of the Feminist Theory
The Feminist theory has evolved throughout history and different branches to the theory have emerged. Often different perspectives within the theory have developed in response to the disagreement amongst feminists over whether men and women are fundamentally the same, or fundamentally different.
The early classic feminist writings are more associated with liberalism and the idea that men and women are equal. The idea of liberal feminism, emerging in the 1960's and 70's was that sex equality could be achieved by removing the barriers that existed which limited women's participation in political, social and economic spheres of life.
Feminists following this first wave of classical liberal feminism largely found that removing legal or formal restrictions did not have the intended effect of creating equality for women due to the realities of women. The modern liberal view has found that despite removing formal barriers, informal barriers continue to exist and women continue to face discrimination and unfair stereotypes.
Radical, Marxist and postmodern feminists all approach the concept of feminist in a different way. From the radical perspective that equality can only be achieved by completely changing the way we think about gender, to the Marxist perspective that the way to alleviate the oppression of women is to replace the capitalist system with a socialist system.
Another important trend in feminist thought is that of relational feminism, which approaches the idea of equality from somewhat of a different perspective. Relational feminists believe that men and women are not fundamentally similar and that it is an important aspect of feminism for women to change institutions to reflect values of importance to women, rather than conforming to the male dominated patriarchy.  While this sameness/difference distinction has been important in founding the tenets of different views of feminism, many feminists argue now that there is little place for this debate in the goal of creating sex equality. Indeed some feminists have argued that the issue of difference that matters, but rather that the disadvantages that women face that should be the focus of change.
Response to Feminist Critiques
One critique of feminism is that it can be reduced to the theories that inform it, for example, liberalism. Such critics argue that feminism neglects to bring any new ideas to the theoretical table. A response to this critique has been to acknowledge one of the essential tenets of feminism, the rejection of the patriarchy.  The rejection of the patriarchy is an element to the theory that distinguishes it from all the others.
Another critique which arises from this point, is that a theory only concerned with the rejection of the patriarchy is not very interesting or thought provoking  Feminists would argue that this idea of the patriarchy is wrong as a rejection of the patriarchy is a revolutionary change. It can even be stated as being a "paradigm shift" in thinking.
A difficulty in categorizing the feminist theory as revolutionary is that the response to revolutionary shiffts in thinking is often negative. People respond to revolutionary change by neglecting to take such ideas seriously. They are met by ridicule or even fear.
As the response to feminism as a revolutionary shift in thinking is often too large for people to grasp, feminists have tended to focus on specific issues that pertain to women rather than the general underlying critique of the patriarchal system.
Toward Feminist Jurisprudence
Application to B.M v British Columbia (Attorney General)
- Dimock at 139
- Dimock, 139
- Dimock, 140
- Dimock, 140
- Dimock at 141
- Dimock at 142
- Ibid at 144
- Dimock 146
- Dimock at 147
- Dimock at 147
- Dimock at 147
- Dimock at 148