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B.M. v British Columbia (Attorney General)
Overview of the Facts at Trial
- At trial, the appellant brought action against the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for negligence, alleging they failed to adequately discharge the private duty they owed her. On April 29, 1996, R.K., the appellant's former common-law spouse, came to her property uninvited with a shotgun. He shot and killed B.M.'s friend, wounded one of B.M.'s daughters, lit the house on fire, and killed himself. B.M. 7 weeks prior to this incident B.M. had issued a complaint against R.K. with the Vancouver RCMP. She alleges they failed in their duty to adequately investigate the incident following her complaint, and are therefore liable in negligence for the events of April 29, 1996. The trial judge found that, although there was a private duty owed to her by the RCMP that was breached, there could be no finding of negligence because the RCMP did not materially contribute to the events that unfolded.